The Federal Government has flagged plans to reintroduce legislation to raise the pension age from the current 65 years and six months, to age 70, by 2035.
But with the pressure on workers to stay in paid employment longer, some have called for bosses to reform their attitudes and find longer-term career paths for their employees.
The National Willing to Work report, recently released by the Australian Human Rights Commission, exposed widespread discrimination against older workers, and the myths that they were “forgetful, inflexible”, and had trouble learning new skills.
Last month former Human Rights Commissioner Susan Ryan told the National Press Club that attitudes must change because there were huge economic benefits in employing mature aged workers.
“The business case for employing older workers is undeniable, yet only relatively few businesses are doing it,” Ms Ryan said.
The report found one in 10 business have a maximum age above which they will not recruit — and the average age was 50.
But it was not just private enterprise at fault, with the Council on the Ageing (COTA) claiming the Federal Government’s recruitment practices, which required candidates to disclose their age, only reinforced the problem.
The report also found:
- Individuals who were subject to negative assumptions, stereotypes and discrimination could experience stress, and a decline in physical and mental health;
- That some government policies and the operation of some government programs were “not achieving their intended objectives and may be serving as a disincentive to workforce participation”;
- A 7 per cent increase in mature-age labour force participation would raise gross domestic product in 2022 by approximately $25 billion;
- Employment discrimination against people with disability was “ongoing and systemic”.
COTA ACT executive director Jenny Mobbs said older candidates were too often missing out on jobs.
“The selection panels in the public service can be quite a young group of people, and they don’t want their mum or their dad walking in and taking over in the workforce,” Ms Mobbs said.
“It’s a really complex issue, certainly one where the discrimination’s certainly there.
“If a 35-year-old applies for a job, and a 60-year-old applies for the job, the 35-year-old, particularly in Canberra, will get the job.
“Younger people don’t like to work with older people who’ve got much more experience because they feel threatened.”
Seminars helping older Australians re-enter the workforce
COTA ACT has been holding seminars for older workers trying to re-enter the workforce, including training on how to get interviews and how to compete with much younger candidates.
Participant Tanya Astle said it was common for mature-aged jobseekers to be overwhelmed by the challenges of finding work.
“There’s a lot of frustration in the group with not being able to get work … but what we’ve found in the group that it’s really good to get together to support each other and to vent,” Ms Astle said.
“A lot of us have been out of work because of parenting … and the workforce has zoomed right past us.”
Ms Astle has recently retrained, but admitted being daunted at the prospect of having to start a new career at her age.
“Honestly, it is terrifying. Yes, for me it’s quite nerve-wracking,” she said.
Former senior executive Gloria Loewe, 56, said she had lost track of the numbers of knock-backs she has had in trying to find work.
“I stopped counting … it’s depressing if you start counting,” Ms Loewe said.
And she echoed a similar sentiment of other mature aged workers: that working is about self satisfaction rather than ruthless ambition.
“It’s not so much to make money, or have a position — I already did that,” Ms Loewe said.
“It’s just to keep active, and mainly to be useful to somebody or to yourself, or to society. I feel that I still have a lot to offer.”
Key recommendations from the Human Rights Commission’s Willing to Work report included creating a Minister for Longevity, government targets for older worker recruitment, and better education to dispel myths and stereotypes about older employees.
REFERENCE: Craig Allen Updated Sun Aug 28 11:13:03 EST 2016